Are you looking to capture stunning night photography shots that will leave your audience mesmerized? Then you’ve come to the right place! In this article, we will discuss the essential rules for night photography that will help you create captivating images even in low light conditions. From understanding the right settings to choosing the perfect location, we’ll cover everything you need to know to take your night photography game to the next level. So, get ready to learn the secrets to capturing breathtaking nighttime shots that will leave your followers in awe.
Capturing stunning night photography shots requires careful planning and attention to detail. One essential rule is to use a tripod to keep the camera stable and avoid blurry images. Another rule is to use a low ISO setting to minimize noise and ensure good image quality. It’s also important to use a longer exposure time to capture enough light and create a properly exposed image. Additionally, using a wider aperture can help to let more light into the camera and create a more dramatic effect. Finally, experimenting with different angles and compositions can help to create unique and striking night photography shots.
Understanding Night Photography
The Challenges of Night Photography
Capturing stunning night photography shots can be quite challenging. The darkness of night, combined with the absence of natural light, makes it difficult to capture the perfect shot. Here are some of the challenges that you may face when taking night photographs:
- Low Light Conditions: The primary challenge of night photography is the low light conditions. Taking photos at night requires the use of a tripod to prevent camera shake and ensure that the images are sharp and in focus. Additionally, using a slower shutter speed can help to capture more light and produce a properly exposed image.
- Difficulty in Focusing: Another challenge of night photography is the difficulty in focusing. The low light conditions can make it difficult to autofocus on the subject, which can result in a blurry image. Manual focusing is often necessary to ensure that the subject is sharp and in focus.
- Motion Blur: Night photography can also be challenging due to motion blur. Whether it’s the movement of the camera or the subject, motion blur can ruin an otherwise great shot. To avoid motion blur, it’s essential to use a tripod and a slower shutter speed. Additionally, using a remote shutter release or the camera’s self-timer can help to minimize camera shake.
- Color Cast: Another challenge of night photography is the color cast. The color of the light sources at night can cause a color cast in the image. For example, streetlights often produce a yellow or orange color cast, while car lights can produce a blue color cast. To avoid color cast, it’s essential to use a white balance setting that matches the light source.
- Exposure: Proper exposure is also a challenge in night photography. The darkness of night can cause the camera to underexpose the image, resulting in a dark and underexposed shot. To ensure proper exposure, it’s essential to use a slower shutter speed and a tripod to prevent camera shake. Additionally, using a higher ISO setting can help to capture more light and produce a properly exposed image.
By understanding these challenges, you can better prepare yourself for the difficulties of night photography and take stunning shots.
Choosing the Right Equipment for Night Photography
Capturing stunning night photography shots requires the right equipment. The equipment you choose will determine the quality of your photos, so it’s essential to choose the right tools for the job. Here are some essential pieces of equipment for night photography:
- Camera: A camera with manual controls is essential for night photography. A full-frame camera with high ISO capabilities is ideal, but a camera with good low-light performance will also work.
- Tripod: A tripod is essential for night photography because it allows you to keep the camera still during long exposures. A sturdy tripod will help you capture sharp images and reduce camera shake.
- Remote shutter release: A remote shutter release is helpful for preventing camera shake during long exposures. It allows you to trigger the camera’s shutter without touching it, which can help reduce the risk of camera shake.
- Wide-angle lens: A wide-angle lens is ideal for night photography because it allows you to capture a wide field of view. A lens with a focal length of 14mm or wider is ideal for night photography.
- Polarizing filter: A polarizing filter can help reduce glare and reflections in nighttime photos. It can also help increase saturation and depth in your photos.
- Lighting: Lighting is essential for night photography. You can use artificial light sources such as streetlights, car headlights, or flashlights to light up your subject. You can also use natural light sources such as the moon or stars to light up your subject.
In addition to these essential pieces of equipment, you may also want to consider additional accessories such as a remote shutter release, cable release, or a polarizing filter. These accessories can help you capture better night photos and give you more control over your camera settings.
Planning Your Night Photography Shoot
Scouting Your Location
When it comes to capturing stunning night photography shots, the first step is to plan your shoot. This involves scouting your location, which is an essential part of the process. Here are some tips to help you scout your location effectively:
- Research the area: Before you head out to scout your location, do some research on the area. Look for information about the best times to shoot, the type of shots you can get, and any potential hazards or obstacles you may encounter.
- Scout during the day: It’s a good idea to scout your location during the day so you can get a feel for the area and plan your shots. This will also give you an opportunity to identify any potential obstacles or hazards that may impact your ability to shoot at night.
- Consider the lighting: When scouting your location, pay attention to the lighting. Look for streetlights, neon signs, and other sources of light that can add interest to your shots. Also, consider the color of the light and how it may affect the mood of your shots.
- Look for unique features: As you scout your location, look for unique features that can add interest to your shots. This may include architectural details, interesting buildings, or unique landscapes.
- Take notes: As you scout your location, take notes on the type of shots you want to capture, the best angles to use, and any other details that may be helpful. This will help you plan your shoot more effectively and ensure that you get the shots you want.
Overall, scouting your location is a critical part of the night photography process. By researching the area, scouting during the day, considering the lighting, looking for unique features, and taking notes, you can ensure that you’re well-prepared for your shoot and ready to capture stunning night photography shots.
The Importance of Familiarizing Yourself with Your Camera Settings
Familiarizing yourself with your camera settings is crucial for capturing stunning night photography shots. This means understanding how to adjust your camera’s ISO, shutter speed, and aperture to capture the best possible images in low light conditions. Here are some key points to keep in mind:
- ISO: Your camera’s ISO setting determines how sensitive the camera’s sensor is to light. A higher ISO setting means that the camera is more sensitive to light, but it also increases the amount of noise in the image. For night photography, you’ll want to use a low ISO setting (usually between 100 and 400) to minimize noise and capture as much light as possible.
- Shutter Speed: Your camera’s shutter speed determines how long the camera’s sensor is exposed to light. A slower shutter speed means that the sensor is exposed to light for a longer period of time, which can result in a brighter image. However, slower shutter speeds can also cause motion blur if you’re shooting moving subjects. For night photography, you’ll want to use a slower shutter speed (usually between 1/15 and 30 seconds) to capture as much light as possible, but be careful not to introduce motion blur.
- Aperture: Your camera’s aperture setting determines how much light is allowed to enter the camera. A wider aperture (a smaller f-stop number) means that more light is allowed in, which can result in a brighter image. However, a wider aperture also means that the depth of field is shallower, which can be a problem if you’re trying to capture a wide scene. For night photography, you’ll want to use a narrower aperture (a larger f-stop number) to ensure that the depth of field is sufficient to capture a wide scene.
By understanding how to adjust these settings, you can take control of your camera and capture stunning night photography shots that are crisp, clear, and full of detail.
Composition Techniques for Night Photography
Composition techniques for night photography play a crucial role in creating visually appealing images. By employing these techniques, photographers can emphasize specific elements within their photographs and convey a particular message or mood. The following are some of the most effective composition techniques for night photography:
Leading lines are a useful composition technique that can help guide the viewer’s eye through the image. This can be achieved by incorporating objects such as roads, buildings, or paths that lead the viewer’s eye towards the subject of the photograph. By using leading lines, photographers can create a sense of depth and movement within their images.
Symmetry and Patterns
Symmetry and patterns can add a sense of order and balance to night photographs. This can be achieved by capturing images of reflections in water, the architecture of buildings, or the stars in the night sky. By using symmetry and patterns, photographers can create visually appealing images that draw the viewer’s eye towards the center of the photograph.
Negative space is the area around the subject of the photograph that is not filled with objects or details. By incorporating negative space into night photographs, photographers can create a sense of emptiness and isolation. This can be particularly effective when photographing urban landscapes or natural landscapes at night.
Rule of Thirds
The rule of thirds is a well-known composition technique that involves dividing the image into thirds both horizontally and vertically. By placing the subject of the photograph at one of the intersection points, photographers can create a sense of balance and harmony within the image. This technique can be particularly effective when photographing cityscapes or landscapes at night.
By incorporating these composition techniques into their night photography, photographers can create visually appealing images that tell a story or convey a particular mood. These techniques can help photographers to create images that stand out from the crowd and leave a lasting impression on viewers.
Capturing the Perfect Shot
Tips for Night Landscape Photography
Capturing stunning night landscape photography shots requires a bit of planning, patience, and the right techniques. Here are some tips to help you achieve the perfect shot:
Choose the Right Location
Selecting the right location is crucial for night landscape photography. Look for places with interesting features such as a prominent landmark, a unique landscape, or a beautiful view. Research the location beforehand to ensure that you know the best time to shoot and the best vantage point.
Plan your shoot in advance by scouting the location during the day. This will help you familiarize yourself with the area and identify the best composition for your shot. Take note of the direction of the sunset, the location of the moon, and any other relevant features that will impact your shot.
Use a Tripod
Using a tripod is essential for night landscape photography. It helps to stabilize your camera and allows you to capture longer exposures without camera shake. This is particularly important when shooting at slower shutter speeds and apertures.
Choose the Right Camera Settings
Choosing the right camera settings is crucial for capturing stunning night landscape photography shots. Use a low ISO to minimize noise, and a small aperture to maximize depth of field. This will help you capture a sharp image with minimal distortion. Use a slower shutter speed to capture the movement of stars or clouds.
Experiment with Long Exposures
Long exposures can create unique effects in night landscape photography. Experiment with exposures of 30 seconds or longer to capture the movement of stars and clouds. This will add an element of dynamism to your shot and create a unique image.
Use a Remote Shutter Release or a Trigger
Using a remote shutter release or a trigger is essential for minimizing camera shake during long exposures. This will help you capture a sharp image with minimal blur.
Use a Wide Angle Lens
Using a wide-angle lens is essential for capturing a broad view of the landscape at night. This will help you capture a wide field of view and minimize the amount of camera shake.
By following these tips, you can capture stunning night landscape photography shots that showcase the beauty of the night sky and the landscape.
Tips for Night Cityscape Photography
Capturing the perfect night cityscape photograph requires careful planning, attention to detail, and a good understanding of the technical aspects of photography. Here are some tips to help you achieve stunning results:
Proper exposure is critical to capturing a stunning night cityscape photograph. This involves adjusting the aperture, shutter speed, and ISO settings to achieve the desired exposure. A tripod is recommended to help stabilize the camera during long exposures.
Composition is another critical aspect of night cityscape photography. It is essential to consider the rule of thirds, leading lines, and other compositional techniques to create a visually appealing image. Framing the shot using buildings, landmarks, or other architectural features can also add interest to the image.
Lighting is a crucial factor in night cityscape photography. The city lights, streetlights, and other artificial light sources can add interest and mood to the image. Experimenting with different lighting conditions, such as shooting during twilight or using long exposures to capture light trails, can also add depth and interest to the image.
Post-processing is an essential step in enhancing the final image. Adjusting the brightness, contrast, and saturation can help bring out the details and colors in the image. Noise reduction and other editing techniques can also be used to improve the overall quality of the image.
In summary, capturing stunning night cityscape photographs requires careful planning, attention to detail, and a good understanding of the technical aspects of photography. Proper exposure, composition, lighting, and post-processing are all critical factors to consider when capturing the perfect shot.
Tips for Night Astrophotography
Night astrophotography is a unique and challenging field that requires careful planning and execution. Here are some tips to help you capture stunning night astrophotography shots:
- Use a wide-angle lens: A wide-angle lens is essential for capturing the vastness of the night sky. It allows you to capture a larger field of view, which is important when shooting the night sky.
- Use a tripod: A tripod is crucial for astrophotography as it helps to stabilize your camera and keep it still during long exposures. This will help to reduce camera shake and produce sharper images.
- Use a remote shutter release or a timer: To avoid camera shake when taking the shot, use a remote shutter release or a timer. This will allow you to take the shot without touching the camera, which can cause camera shake.
- Use a high ISO: When shooting at night, you will need to use a high ISO to capture enough light. However, be careful not to overdo it as this can lead to noise in your images.
- Use a low aperture: A low aperture will allow more light into your camera, which is essential for night photography. However, be careful not to use too low an aperture as this can lead to diffraction and reduce image quality.
- Use a star tracker: A star tracker will help you to find the right position to shoot the night sky. It will also help you to find the right direction to point your camera to capture the stars.
- Use a software to remove the satellites: When shooting the night sky, you may also capture satellite trails. To remove them, you can use software such as Lightroom or Photoshop to edit your images.
- Plan your shot: Before taking your shot, plan your composition and think about what you want to capture. Consider the location, the time of year, and the weather conditions to help you plan your shot.
- Practice and experiment: Night astrophotography is a challenging field that requires practice and experimentation. Be patient and keep trying new techniques until you find what works best for you.
Editing Your Night Photography Images
Adjusting Exposure and Contrast
Adjusting exposure and contrast is an essential part of editing night photography images. Exposure refers to the amount of light that enters the camera’s sensor, while contrast is the difference between the brightest and darkest parts of an image.
When editing night photography images, it’s important to adjust the exposure and contrast to bring out the details in the image and make it look more vibrant. This can be done using photo editing software such as Adobe Photoshop or Lightroom.
Here are some tips for adjusting exposure and contrast in night photography images:
- Increase the exposure to bring out the details in the shadows. This can help to make the image look more vibrant and dynamic.
- Decrease the exposure to avoid overexposure, which can cause the image to look washed out.
- Adjust the contrast to make the image look more balanced and natural. This can be done by adjusting the brightness and contrast sliders in photo editing software.
- Use a curve adjustment layer to fine-tune the contrast and brightness of the image. This can help to bring out the details in the shadows and highlights without overprocessing the image.
Overall, adjusting exposure and contrast is an important step in editing night photography images to bring out the details and make the image look more vibrant and dynamic.
Enhancing Details in the Shadows and Highlights
One of the key aspects of editing night photography images is enhancing the details in the shadows and highlights. This is important because the low light conditions can result in a loss of detail in these areas. Here are some tips for enhancing the details in the shadows and highlights:
- Use Adjustment Layers: Use adjustment layers such as Shadows and Highlights to enhance the details in these areas. These layers allow you to adjust the exposure, contrast, and other settings without affecting the rest of the image.
- Experiment with Curves: Curves is a powerful tool for adjusting the tonal range of an image. Experiment with the curves to recover details in the shadows and highlights.
- Use Split Toning: Split toning can be used to enhance the shadows and highlights. Adjust the shadows to a cooler temperature and the highlights to a warmer temperature to add more depth to the image.
- Apply Selective Adjustments: Use selective adjustments to enhance the details in specific areas of the image. Use a brush to apply adjustments to specific areas of the image, such as the shadows and highlights.
- Add Contrast: Adding contrast to the image can help to enhance the details in the shadows and highlights. Use the Contrast adjustment layer to add more contrast to the image.
By following these tips, you can enhance the details in the shadows and highlights of your night photography images, resulting in a more stunning final product.
Adding Drama with Long Exposure and Light Trails
One of the most effective ways to add drama to your night photography shots is by using long exposure and capturing light trails. Long exposure is a technique that involves leaving the camera’s shutter open for an extended period, allowing more light to enter and resulting in a brighter image. Light trails, on the other hand, are created by capturing the movement of lights over time, such as the taillights of cars or the lights of a busy city street.
To achieve these effects, you’ll need to use a tripod to keep your camera steady during the long exposure. You’ll also need to use a low ISO and a small aperture to minimize noise and maximize depth of field. Depending on the scene you’re shooting, you may also need to use a neutral density filter to reduce the amount of light entering the camera.
When shooting light trails, it’s important to consider the direction of the lights and the movement of the subject. You’ll want to experiment with different shutter speeds to capture the desired effect, whether it’s a streak of light or a series of bursts. Additionally, you can use software like Adobe Lightroom or Photoshop to enhance the brightness and contrast of your images and bring out the details in the light trails.
In summary, using long exposure and capturing light trails are great ways to add drama to your night photography shots. By using a tripod, keeping the camera steady, and adjusting the ISO, aperture, and shutter speed, you can create stunning images that showcase the beauty of the night.
Common Mistakes to Avoid in Night Photography
When it comes to night photography, one of the most common mistakes that photographers make is overexposure. Overexposure occurs when the camera’s sensor is exposed to too much light, resulting in an image that appears washed out and lacks detail. This can happen when the camera’s aperture is open for too long, or when the ISO is set too high.
One of the main consequences of overexposure is a loss of detail in the shadows and highlights of the image. This can make it difficult to recover the image during post-processing, and can result in an image that looks unnatural and overly bright. In addition, overexposure can also cause the colors in the image to appear unrealistic and unnatural.
To avoid overexposure, it’s important to use a tripod when shooting at night to ensure that the camera is stable and still. This will help to prevent camera shake and ensure that the image is sharp and in focus. It’s also important to use a low ISO setting, as this will help to reduce the amount of noise in the image and prevent the image from becoming too bright.
Another effective way to avoid overexposure is to use a neutral density filter. This type of filter helps to reduce the amount of light that enters the camera’s lens, which can help to prevent overexposure and allow for longer exposure times. This can be especially useful when shooting at night, as it allows for more control over the exposure time and can help to capture more detail in the shadows and highlights of the image.
In summary, overexposure is a common mistake that can occur in night photography. To avoid this, it’s important to use a tripod, keep the ISO low, and consider using a neutral density filter. By following these guidelines, you can help to ensure that your night photography shots are well-exposed and full of detail.
Underexposure is a common mistake that many photographers make when shooting at night. It occurs when the image is too dark and lacks detail. This can happen when the camera’s sensor is not sensitive enough to capture the low light conditions or when the photographer is not aware of the proper exposure settings.
There are several reasons why underexposure can occur in night photography:
- Insufficient camera sensor sensitivity: Some cameras may not have sufficient low-light sensitivity, leading to dark images that lack detail. This can be especially problematic when shooting in extremely low light conditions, such as moonlit scenes or starry night skies.
- Improper exposure settings: Photographers may not be aware of the correct exposure settings for night photography, leading to underexposed images. For example, they may not realize that they need to increase the ISO or use a longer exposure time to capture enough light.
- Lack of knowledge about the histogram: The histogram is a valuable tool for ensuring that an image is properly exposed. Photographers who are not familiar with the histogram may not be able to tell if an image is underexposed or not.
To avoid underexposure in night photography, it is important to understand the correct exposure settings for the specific shooting conditions. This may involve increasing the ISO, using a longer exposure time, or using a tripod to keep the camera steady. It is also important to use the histogram to ensure that the image is properly exposed.
One of the most common mistakes that photographers make when shooting at night is not paying enough attention to their focus. In low light conditions, it can be difficult to get a sharp image, but there are a few tips that can help.
First, use a tripod to ensure that your camera is stable and that you can keep the shutter open for longer periods of time. This will give you more time to adjust your focus and get a sharper image.
Second, use manual focus to give you more control over the focus of your shot. This can be especially helpful when shooting at night because the autofocus may struggle to find a clear point of focus in the dark.
Third, use a focusing aid, such as the live view feature on your camera or a magnifying glass, to help you see the details of your shot and adjust your focus accordingly.
Finally, take multiple shots with different focus points and blend them together in post-processing to create a sharper image.
By following these tips, you can avoid focusing issues and capture stunning night photography shots.
Forgetting to Use a Tripod
Using a tripod is crucial for capturing stable and sharp night photography shots. Here are some reasons why you should never forget to bring one along:
- Longer Exposures: Night photography often requires longer exposure times to capture enough light. This can result in camera shake and blurry images if you don’t use a tripod.
- Stability: Even a slight breeze or movement can cause camera shake when shooting at night. A tripod ensures that your camera remains stable and maintains focus during long exposures.
- Sharpness: Using a tripod allows you to use a remote shutter release or the camera’s self-timer, which eliminates any camera shake caused by pressing the shutter button. This results in sharper images with minimal camera movement.
- Composition: A tripod enables you to compose your shots more effectively, as you can take your time to frame and adjust your shot without holding the camera. This allows for more precise composition and better image quality.
In summary, using a tripod is essential for capturing stable and sharp night photography shots. It helps prevent camera shake, ensures longer exposures, and enables better composition.
Additional Tips and Tricks
When it comes to capturing stunning night photography shots, there are a few additional tips and tricks that can help you to achieve the best results. These include:
- Using a tripod: A tripod is essential for night photography as it helps to keep your camera still and avoid any camera shake, which can result in blurry images.
- Using a remote shutter release: A remote shutter release can help to minimize camera shake and ensure that your images are sharp and clear.
- Bracketing your shots: Bracketing involves taking multiple shots of the same scene at different exposures. This can help to ensure that you capture the best possible image, regardless of the lighting conditions.
- Shooting in RAW format: Shooting in RAW format allows you to capture more detail and provides more flexibility when it comes to post-processing your images.
- Experimenting with different angles: Experimenting with different angles can help to add interest and depth to your night photography shots. Try shooting from low angles, high angles, or at eye level to create unique and dynamic images.
- Utilizing light sources: Look for light sources such as streetlights, neon signs, or car headlights to add interest and drama to your night photography shots.
- Capturing the Milky Way: If you’re shooting in a location where the Milky Way is visible, be sure to capture it. This can add a unique and breathtaking element to your night photography shots.
By following these additional tips and tricks, you can take your night photography to the next level and capture stunning and dynamic images that truly showcase the beauty of the night.
Inspiration and Resources for Night Photography
Night photography is a fascinating genre that offers unique challenges and opportunities for creative expression. To capture stunning night photography shots, it is essential to have a good understanding of the technical aspects of night photography, as well as the creative possibilities it offers. In this section, we will explore some of the most effective ways to find inspiration and resources for night photography.
One of the best ways to find inspiration for night photography is to explore the work of other photographers who have mastered this genre. There are many excellent resources available online, including photography blogs, websites, and social media platforms. Some of the most popular platforms for discovering and sharing night photography include Instagram, 500px, and Flickr. These platforms offer a wealth of inspiration, from stunning cityscapes to breathtaking landscapes and nighttime portraits.
Another great way to find inspiration for night photography is to attend photography workshops and events. Many photography schools and workshops offer specialized courses in night photography, where you can learn from experienced instructors and network with other photographers. These events are an excellent opportunity to learn new techniques, experiment with different equipment, and find inspiration for your own night photography projects.
Finally, one of the most effective ways to find inspiration for night photography is to explore the world around you. Night photography offers a unique perspective on the world, and there are countless opportunities to capture stunning images in your own backyard or in nearby cities and towns. Whether you are photographing the night sky, street scenes, or natural landscapes, there is always something new to discover and explore in the world of night photography.
In conclusion, finding inspiration and resources for night photography is essential for capturing stunning images in this challenging and rewarding genre. Whether you are exploring the work of other photographers, attending photography events, or simply exploring the world around you, there are countless opportunities to find inspiration and develop your skills as a night photographer.
Continuing to Explore and Experiment with Night Photography Techniques
Experimenting with night photography techniques is a crucial aspect of improving your skills as a photographer. By continuing to explore and experiment, you can learn how to overcome challenges and take stunning night photographs. Here are some tips to help you:
- Try new camera settings: One of the best ways to experiment with night photography is to try out different camera settings. For example, you can try using a longer exposure time, a lower ISO, or a narrower aperture to capture more light and create a more dramatic effect.
- Use different lenses: Another way to experiment with night photography is to use different lenses. You can try using a wide-angle lens to capture a wider scene or a telephoto lens to zoom in on a specific subject.
- Shoot in different locations: Finally, you can experiment with night photography by shooting in different locations. You can try shooting in a city, in the countryside, or even in a forest. Each location offers a unique opportunity to capture stunning night photographs.
By continuing to explore and experiment with night photography techniques, you can develop your skills and take stunning night photographs. So, don’t be afraid to try new things and push the boundaries of your creativity.
1. What is the best time for night photography?
The best time for night photography is during the “Golden Hour” after sunset or before sunrise when the sky is dark and the stars are visible. This is when the light is most diffused and flattering, creating ideal conditions for capturing stunning night photography shots.
2. What equipment do I need for night photography?
For night photography, you will need a camera with manual settings, a tripod, and a remote shutter release or cable release. You may also want to consider using a wide-angle lens and a low aperture setting to capture more light and keep the shutter open for longer periods of time.
3. How do I choose the right ISO for night photography?
For night photography, you will need to use a higher ISO setting to capture enough light in low-light conditions. However, be careful not to use too high of an ISO setting, as this can result in noise and decreased image quality. A good rule of thumb is to start at ISO 800 and adjust from there based on the available light and your desired exposure time.
4. What is the best aperture for night photography?
For night photography, you will want to use a low aperture setting to allow more light into the camera and keep the shutter open for longer periods of time. A good starting point is to use an aperture of f/2.8 or lower, and adjust from there based on the available light and your desired exposure time.
5. How do I use long exposure for night photography?
Long exposure is a technique used in night photography to capture the movement of stars or other celestial objects in the sky. To use long exposure, set your camera on a tripod and use a remote shutter release or cable release to keep the camera still during the exposure. Set your camera’s shutter speed to “B” (bulb) mode and keep the shutter open for as long as you want to capture the movement of the stars.